Firearm Parts

There are three basic kinds of firearm - handgun, rifle and shotgun - and they all have some common parts. There are several places to find firearm diagrams, including your local library and your State's Fish and Wildlife service. On-line resources include firearms manufaturers, the National Rifle Association, and Today's Hunter and HunterExam.com, which offer hunter education programs used for distance learning by many states. Click on a picture below to see an animation from Today's Hunter. (Graphics Source: Today's Hunter.) Additional animations for revolvers and semi-automatic hand guns are available at Hunter Exam.


Hand Gun Parts

Revolver Action Animation Semi-Automatic Animation

There are five types of action for a rifle: bolt, pump, lever, break and semi-automatic. The purpose of each of these actions is to eject the spent cartridge and replace it with a fresh cartridge. The bolt, pump and lever are manual actions use magazines which cycle the cartridges when the shooter moves the action. The break action does not use a magazine and requires the shooter to manually open the gun, remove the spent cartridge and place fresh ones in the barrel.

Click on a picture below to see an animation from Today's Hunter.
(Graphics Source: Today's Hunter.) Additional animations for rifle and shot gun actions are available at Hunter Exam.


rifle Actions Bolt Action Animation Lever Action Animation Break Action Animation Semi-Automatic Animation Pump Action Description

Bolt Action Rifle Parts Diagram
Graphics source: Today's Hunter


The same action types used for rifles are used for shotguns. In addition, shotguns can have single or double barrels, which can be either side-by-side or over-under.


Parts of Shotgun Diagram
Graphics source: Today's Hunter


Here are are few more examples. Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Semi-automatic Parts
Winchester
ar15 Parts
Remington 7400
   


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